@Aya Shawn
Living in Singapore, professional investorJan 29
Two keywords are mentioned in this question: history and myth
Historical documents are very serious matters to the Chinese. It does not mean that just randomly discovering some stone carvings, scxtures, or parchment scrolls can be called "historical documents." The "historical documents" recognized by the Chinese are actually is very limited. Basically they are serious, formal historical archives and books.
The xia Dynasty is the first dynasty recorded in Chinese historical documents, there is no earlier one.


In addition to formal historical documents, other civilizations, countries or dynasties before the xia Dynasty will of course be recorded. However, in the Chinese view of history, these records can only be classified as "myths" or "unofficial histories", and they are not recognized by history.
In order to respect the historical habits of the Chinese people, I think it is inappropriate to use mythology and unofficial history to discuss the civilization before the xia Dynasty.
But this issue can be discussed using archaeological findings. Although in the eyes of the Chinese, simple archaeological discoveries cannot be regarded as trustworthy history. But their credibility is higher than myths and unofficial histories.


1. Liangzhu Civilization
Existing in today's Zhejiang Province, China, it appeared 5,000 years ago and lasted for 500 years, 1,000 years earlier than the establishment of the xia Dynasty.
Archaeologists have discovered large-scale urban ruins here, tens of thousands of acres of rice fields, granaries with hundreds of thousands of kilograms of rice, huge dams and palace ruins. Countless tombs, jades and pottery.
UNESCO has designated the archaeological finds here as a World Cultural Heritage. After measuring the scale of houses, tombs, and rice fields, archaeologists estimate that tens of thousands of people once lived in and around this city. It was the capital of an ancient country.
But there is not a single word about it in Chinese historical documents.
1. Liangzhu Civilization


2. Sanxingdui Civilization
Sichuan Province, which exists in today's China, appeared 4,800 years ago and lasted for 1,400 years. It was 800 years earlier than the establishment of the xia Dynasty, and its existence spanned the xia Dynasty and the Shang Dynasty.
Not only ancient Stone Age ruins were discovered here, but also a large number of relics from the Bronze Age. Huge, complex and exquisite bronzes, ivories, and jades filled the sacrificial pits.
UNESCO has designated the archaeological finds here as a World Cultural Heritage.
However, there is no detailed record of it in Chinese historical documents. There are only some approximate accounts, and they cannot be completely confirmed.
2. Sanxingdui Civilization


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3. Longshan Civilization
There are multiple sites that exist in today's Shandong and Henan provinces of China.
It appeared 5,000 years ago and lasted for 100 years, 1,000 years earlier than the establishment of the xia Dynasty.
A lage number of jades, pottery, architectural and urban ruins have been discovered in multiple sites of the Longshan Civilization. Because of its location and cultural relic style, it has a certain connection with the xia Dynasty. Archaeologists tend to believe that it is the predecessor of the xia Dynasty.
However, there is no record of it in Chinese historical documents, only some vague records, and they cannot be completely confirmed.
In addition, China has also discovered the remains of many ancient civilizations that date back to earlier times, such as the DwenkouCivilization, Yangshao Civilization, Hemudu Civilization, Hongshan Civilization, and Majiayao Civilization. The earliest urban ruins discovered so far date back to about 8,000 years ago.
However, there is no record of these civilizations and their cities in Chinese historical documents. Therefore, they are not regarded as "official history" by Chinese historical circles, but are uniformly classified as: "prehistoric civilization"